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What are the steps to finding a #Mine? #Exploration #Infographic

Courtesy of: Visual Capitalist

Finding a new deposit is tough, but here’s how to better your odds. This infographic shows the steps of mineral exploration, from prospecting to production.

Infographic: The Mineral Exploration Roadmap:

The MasterMetals Blog


from MasterMetals http://ift.tt/2HAQihP on March 14, 2018 at 03:13PM


#Lithium Expansion Talk Fills The Room @Bmo #Mining conference #BatteryMetals

@media print { body { margin: 2mm 9mm; } .original-url { display: none; } #article .float.left { float: left !important; } #article .float.right { float: right !important; } #article .float { margin-top: 0 !important; margin-bottom: 0 !important; } } Mining Journal – Lithium Expansion Talk Fills The Room At Bmo

Lithium expansion talk fills the room at BMO

The organisers of the BMO Metals and Mining conference added a new age metals stream to its annual event in Florida, US, this year and it ended up standing out from the crowd.

The bulk of presentations in the diversified, gold, silver, base metals and diamond streams were packed with mentions of shareholder returns, free cash flow and (at a push) brownfield expansions, but growth and investment were front and centre of the battery raw materials space. 

This was especially so on the lithium development and production side, with “essentially every company … in the middle of, or looking for funding to drive new capacity as the industry looks to satiate large expected demand increases”, the bank’s analysts said. 

Only FMC were up on stage presenting at the Florida conference, so we’re guessing there were a few more companies in the crowd.

Unsurprisingly given the recent Morgan Stanley report that has recently been gaining attention, the big lithium debate gripping the conference was “whether the magnitude of the upcoming supply response will be appropriate or too large, and how/when that would impact prices”, BMO analysts said.

Morgan Stanley was clearly in the too large camp, but FMC was bullish on mid-term demand and price prospects, according to the analysts. That is hardly surprising with the company looking to list around 15% of its business in an IPO in New York later this year.

Chile’s SQM (US:SQM), meanwhile, told the Financial Times this week that it only planned to expand production from its Atacama brine deposits beyond 2019 based on “market conditions”.

This general sense of bullishness was reciprocated throughout the bulk of other battery raw materials. 

“Most participants seem comfortable with the longer-term nickel case even with rising supply over the coming year, while many of the polymetallic miners were keen to highlight any cobalt units they could extract, however small,” the analysts said.

Yet, the discussion around DRC risk for cobalt was surprisingly minimal. 

“What was apparent to us was the thirst for knowledge in this area among both investors and corporate, and the recognition that the rate of technological change in this end-use sector is much faster than seen in traditional sources of metal demand such as construction and infrastructure,” BMO’s analysts said. 

The discussions have also evolved from simply focusing on battery chemistry alone to considering the “knock-on effects on overall utility structures, charging technology and consumer behaviour”.

One would expect that new age metals stream to grow in size by next year.

See the @MiningJournal article online here http://www.mining-journal.com/events-coverage/news/1316010/lithium-expansion-talk-fills-the-room-at-bmo/?utm_medium=Email&utm_source=MJ&utm_campaign=Top-5

from MasterMetals http://ift.tt/2tEPeHt on March 12, 2018 at 10:28AM

Declining grades don’t help #Copper’s supply picture $GLEN $RIO $TRQ $FM $TKO $FCX $HBM

This from GMR

Good Morning/Afternoon, looking back at quarterly copper grades today:


Grade decline (Coppers)


Below is a summary of Q4 processed grades vs. reserve grades across the copper sector. In-line with Q3 overall average processed grades were 15% above reserves, but ranging from -38% to +100% at the mine level. At the corporate level the range is -38% (TRQ) to +74% (HBM), and while there’s no implied criticism because you can only mine what’s in front of you, clearly grades should normalise over time, easing or tightening operating margins. In summary:


Q4 Processed Cu Grades vs. Reserves:



Much like in Q3, on a mine level the highest in Q4 were Constancia (80%), Aktogay (+66%) and Las Bambas (+59%), though by importance we can’t overlook the gradual decline that is slowly occurring at Escondida (+46%), and indeed Codelco where head grades have fallen from 1.6-1.8% in the 1970s to ~0.7% today. Declining at around 0.017% each year, that’s ~40ktpa of copper loses each year. Or put another way, Codelco needs to add 6.7Mtpa of mining and milling capacity each and every year to offset grade decline.


Although there is an argument to suggest owning those on the left of the chart over those on the right (over the long-term anyway), it clearly isn’t that simple given things like the impact dilution can have on quarterly performance (e.g. at MLX), or reconciliation (e.g. HBM). However to focus on the two outliers:


Hudbay: Quarterly head grades were 0.54% at Constancia vs. a 0.30% reserve grade, more or less in-line with the mine plan. However while the grade decline is going to be painful when it comes, there are two reasons to remain optimistic at the moment – Namely the introduction of Pampacancha ore, plus the ongoing positive grade reconciliation.


Constancia mine plan:

As illustrated above, mining at Pampacancha is expected to begin later this year, providing a nice copper grade sweetener, as well as additional precious metals. It postpones the inevitable grade decline until 2022. In terms of grade reconciliation, the last technical report put the grade reconciliation at 117% on grade, and HBM has since said the copper grade bias is expected to exist through the ore body. As a result there will be a revision to reserves and resources in April, though this is expected to be less than the actual reconciliation achieved to date.


Turquoise Hill: Q4 head grades were 0.53% vs. a reserve grade of 0.86%, in-line with the mine plan. However as the underground comes on-line grades are going to move substantially higher, to nearly double the reserve grade. In summary from the last technical report:



It might be a few years away yet, but at some point you’d have think TRQ is due a big re-rating.



from MasterMetals http://ift.tt/2FpQkct on February 23, 2018 at 03:35PM


Doug Casey on why he’s buying #Gold & #MiningStocks

There could be a buying panic in gold and it could go much higher. We’re in a new bull market for gold at this point, but nobody cares. Or even knows that’s true. The same is true for silver. Although, silver is primarily an industrial commodity. It’s the poor man’s gold for many reasons.

Justin: How much higher could gold head?

Doug: Well, these things usually move in a hyperbolic curve. They start out slowly. Then, they accelerate. Same type of thing we saw with cryptocurrencies.

I think gold will do the same, although not to the same extent. My prediction by the end of this year is that gold will hit $2,000. In 2019, $3,000. In 2020, $4,000. By the time this bull market peaks, gold could reach $10,000. But I hate to say things like that…because it sounds so outrageous.

But look at the number of dollars in existence ($3.635 trillion in the M-1 money). Divide that by the 260 million ounces of gold the U.S. Government is supposed to own, and you get a gold price of $13,982/ounce.

Look at the number of dollars that are outside the U.S.—$10 trillion, $20 trillion, who knows?—and that liability is growing by $50 billion annually with the balance of trade deficit.

Money is a medium of exchange and a store of value—it shouldn’t also be a political football, and a means for the State to finance itself. Gold itself should be used as money. Remember that the dollar—like the franc, the pound, the mark, and what-have-you—were just names for a specific quantity of gold.

So a six-to-one shot from here is not at all unreasonable over the next several years. And that would mean very good things for gold stocks.

Justin: So, it’s safe to assume you’re buying gold stocks?

Doug: Resource companies are essentially the only stocks that I’m buying right now. And that’s because nobody’s interested in them. They’re very cheap. Of course mining itself is a crappy business. You can’t invest in it, only speculate. But it’s a great speculation now.

I probably do, on average, a private placement a week in mining stocks, which is quite a lot.

The only thing I’m afraid of is having too many stocks. You can’t effectively monitor more than 15 or 20 stocks. And then you lose track of them. You can’t keep up. You forgot why you bought them.

Unless I really like the stock and I’m planning on following it in particular, I sell the basic stock after the four-month hold period and keep the warrants in case I get lucky.

Justin: What else are you buying right now?

Doug: Well, I buy gold coins whenever the opportunity presents itself. I try to be disciplined about that. I just put them away and forget they exist. Unlike gold stocks, you can do that with gold coins.

from MasterMetals http://ift.tt/2EMlj4H on February 19, 2018 at 12:05AM



#Gold & #Silver Commitments of Traders

#Gold shares are not oversold but are in neutral territory and physical gold and silver is in neutral territory and this for weeks already.


Commitments of Gold Futures Traders show

large speculators (hedge funds and money

managers) reduced their long positions taking

the losses. Net commericial gold traders

reduced their short positions cashing in gains.

Net commercial dealers almost always win

against large speculators, although they have

sometimes to be very patient. Positions are

still very large but we like what we see that

short sellers are satisfied with their gains

(attachment 1).


As per Dr. Murenbeeld’s Gold Monitor the

speculators on COMEX have finally cut back

on their net-long positions by 159 tonnes

equivalent through last Tuesday. We are sure

long liquidation had further accelerated during

the later part of the week.


The Gold Barometers (attachment 2) reveal

that gold shares are not oversold but are in

neutral territory and physical gold and silver

is in neutral territory and this for weeks already.


The KITCO Gold Survey (attachment 3) indicates

that Wall Street is bearish for this week (53%)

and Main Street (Retail Investors) are about the

same bearish or bullish.


The hourly gold chart (attachment 4) shows gold

not having had a good week with continued downward

pressure. As per close on Friday in New York,

at 4 p.m., gold closed at US$ 1’248 per ounce for

a loss of US$ 32 per ounce on the week. The gold

weekly continuous futures chart shows gold has

support around US$ 1’200 to US$ 1’220 and the

Reverse Head & Shoulder formation, formed since

2013 is still in tact (attachment 5).


The ARCA Gold Bugs daily chart (attachment 6)

indicates gold shares made a reversal on Thursday

and closed slightly positive on Friday. This is good

news, at least for the short term. The HUI 3-year

chart (attachment 7) shows the index has good

support around 160 to 170 points but it must hold

that level. Otherwise the index could revisit the

huge bottomed formed in the second half of 2015

at around 100 points.


Commitment of Silver Futures Traders indicate

that positions have sharply diminished. This is

a great sign. Large speculators reduced their long

positions drastically and net commercial silver

dealers covered shorts in size (attachment 8). If this

trend continues silver could stage a sizeable rally.


Attachment 9 is the Silver continuous futures

Point&Figure chart. The silver price has formed

a bottom around the US$ 14 per ounce level for the

last 3 years. This bottom is only about 10% lower

from current silver prices. Short sellers know this

and having large short positions at potential bottom

prices bear high risk. Hence it is safer not being

exposed on the short side.




from MasterMetals http://ift.tt/2iPJ2UM


Stel­lar smashups are the source of #gold, #plat­inum, #uranium & other heavy el­e­ments found through-out the uni­verse

Quite incredible.  Now the question is, how do they go from there to depositing themselves throughout the earth in different geologic conditions and settings?

Can someone explain?

“As­tronomers scan­ning rip­ples in space-time have de­tected the col­lision of two neu­tron stars for the first time—and, by an­a­lyz­ing the flare from the cat­a­clysmic crush, dis­cov­ered such stel­lar smashups are the source of gold, plat­inum, uranium and other heavy el­e­ments found through-out the uni­verse.”

from MasterMetals http://ift.tt/2ytJ2kg